Rare, non-cancerous forms of mesothelioma. The causes of this neoplasm are not well defined, but doctors have been very successful in treating it. In contrast to the malignant form of mesothelioma, which is mainly related to asbestos and the consequences of its use and production, the benign form also occurs for other reasons. Malignant mesothelioma occurs after 20-50 years of exposure to asbestos in people over 40 and benign – at any age. The malignant forms of mesothelioma cause a lethal outcome, while the malignant ones are successfully treated and subsequently the patient only has to control his or her health to avoid recurrence and recurrence of the tumor.
What is Mesothelioma?
Types, symptoms and treatment of mesothelioma gangrene, risk factors. Mesothelioma is formed when previously healthy, normal cells quickly begin to divide and form a dense tissue site. Benign mesothelioma does not penetrate the adjacent tissues and does not extend to the internal organs. Mesothelioma can grow to a fairly large size and compress the nearest organs. In addition, various types of non-cancerous mesothelioma, such as fibrous, appearing in the pleura, can lead to fluid build-up and such serious consequences as cramps, hypoglycaemia and shortness of breath.
Types of mesothelioma
There are several types of benign mesothelioma differentiated by cellular characteristics:
1. Benign polycystic peritoneal mesothelioma.
It is found in the abdominal cavity (most commonly in the pelvic region) in young and middle-aged women, but can sometimes occur in men and children.
Symptoms: abdominal pain, swelling.
2. Differentiated papillary mesothelioma.
It is formed in the peritoneum and retroperitoneal space in women aged 30-45, also formed in the pericardium, pleura and vaginal membrane.
Symptoms: pain, fluid build-up in the tissues.
3. Adenomatodal mesothelioma.
Location: vaginal membrane and uterine wall.
Symptoms: pain, swelling, feeling of pressure.
4. Localized fibrous mesothelioma.
Symptoms: cough, pain, shortness of breath, feeling of heaviness in chest.
Papillary mesothelioma is most likely to develop degeneration in malignancies.
Symptoms of mesothelioma
In general, the symptoms of benign mesothelioma are very similar to the symptoms of malignant mesothelioma. Most people with benign pleural mesothelioma suffer from the following conditions:
- Shortness of Breath;
- Chest Pain;
- Night Sweats;
- Weight Loss
- Diagnosis is performed by X-rays, computed tomography, MRI.
In most cases, the primary method for removing benign mesothelioma is a surgical procedure for removal. Unlike cancers, there is no need for post-operative chemotherapy. In the event of a risk of relapse, the patient should undergo periodic examinations to avoid recurrence of the tumor. Due to the fact that about 75% of people with benign mesothelioma develop a tumor in their lungs, a thoracotomy procedure is required. It consists of removing a segment of the lung, forehead, or even the entire lung. Despite the benignity of the neoplasm, side effects such as pleurisy can develop – a buildup of fluid in the pleural space that exerts pressure on the lungs and heart. In the first days after surgery, patients should arrange for fluid to escape from the lungs to prevent pleural effusion. About 90% of patients recover safely without relapsing mesothelioma.
Pleural mesothelioma – structure, symptoms, treatment
Pleural mesothelioma is a rare form of benign neoplasm of the membrane that separates the lungs from the chest wall. It is benign and malignant. The latter develops intensively, leading to a lethal outcome without treatment and is mainly due to the long-lasting effect on the lungs of construction asbestos. The use of this mineral is currently prohibited, but the consequences of its use and industrial production continue to emerge. A benign mesothelial tumor of the pleura is very similar in symptoms to malignant, so that its nature can only be determined after a biopsy. It sometimes takes 10 or more years before health changes begin to manifest, indicating pleural disease. These characteristics are the thickening or calcification of the individual areas of the pleura – the so-called pleural plaques. They are mesothelioma precursors and can, therefore, be removed before it occurs. Structure and location of pleural mesothelioma.
Treatment of pleural mesothelioma
Symptoms: cough, shortness of breath, heaviness and chest pain, swelling of the upper body and upper limbs. In most cases, the pleural disease is not considered fatal, but it can lead to inhibition of lung function. Despite its localized location, pleural mesothelioma can spread to the peritoneum, the heart. Radical treatment is the surgical removal of the tumor.