When there are discussions with regard to the different types of mesothelioma, doctors refer to the mesothelioma of types pleural, peritoneal, pericardial and testicular. Each one of these types of mesothelioma are distinguished by the place of the body in which the tumor is growing.
Pleural mesothelioma is the most common of this type of cancer (more than three-quarters of the population of patients diagnosed with mesothelioma share this diagnosis.) Pleural mesothelioma begins in the lining of the lungs, and in its more advanced stages, it spreads to the lymph nodes and lymphatic tissues. In addition, the disease can be spread by the bodies lining the cavity of the lungs. It should be noted that the cancer pleural mesothelioma is not a type of lung cancer.
This type of cancer mainly affects the respiratory system and its early symptoms include cough and difficulty breathing. Additionally, patients can be affected by pain in the chest and accumulation of fluid. The average life expectancy of a person diagnosed with mesothelioma is between four and 18 months.
The cancer peritoneal mesothelioma is the second most common type of cancer and accounts for about 20 percent of the cases in the united States. This develops in the abdominal cavity and will spread around the body with greater speed than the other types of this disease.
The symptoms of peritoneal mesothelioma include stomach problems, abdominal pain, bloating, digestive problems and weight loss. Treatments such as paracentesis (abdominal surgery that drains the fluid in the affected area) can help to reduce the symptoms. However, there are more aggressive treatments and specific power to increase the period of survival of the patient.
The peritoneal mesothelioma is the third of the three main types of mesothelioma grows in the lining of the heart. Only have been reported around 200 cases of peritoneal mesothelioma in the story. The symptoms related to this type of cancer are strong heart palpitations, cough and shortness of breath.
The last and most rare type of mesothelioma is testicular cancer, have only been reported in around 100 cases in the world. Mesothelioma of the testicle develops in the membrane that covers the testes and this causes small lumps and pain in the scrotum.