The treatment of mesothelioma has been exclusively designed to relieve the symptoms, these are known as palliative treatments. Some palliative treatments serve to reduce the tumors or the accumulation of liquids and as a result, the pressure applied to the organs. Other palliative treatments focus on treating the symptoms directly with medication. These treatments do not try to cure the cancer but can be used in conjunction with healing therapies that can be potentially curative.
The cytoreductive surgery may help to reduce the forms of mesothelioma, pleural or peritoneal even when the priority is to improve the life expectancy of the patient. Surgeries to drain fluid may help to reduce the pain also (pleurodesis may help to reduce the pain back and paracentesis help with the pain side). In patients with pleural mesothelioma, pleurodesis may help to improve breathing.
Palliative chemotherapy and radiation therapy can have an impact quite significant. However, by the fact that these treatments can cause a number of side effects, most doctors reserved for patients who have a good health in general and can withstand the effects mentioned above.
Medications, a purely palliative care can help patients with mesothelioma to reduce other symptoms such as pain and digestive problems. In most of the cases, the oncologists prescribed the following medications:
Analgesics to relieve pain and/or medicines, opiates for discomfort.
Kytril, Anzemet, Zofran or Aloxi to relieve nausea.
Talidomide for inflammation.
Oxandralone for cachexia and muscle loss.
Erythropoietin for fatigue.
The mesothelioma patients can also be treated with alternative techniques, or palliative for its symptoms. Natural therapies such as acupuncture, yoga, natural supplements and therapeutic massages can also help relieve pain, anxiety, fatigue and other common symptoms of mesothelioma. These options do not have any type of dependence or side effects, however, must be approved by the oncologist, patient’s primary.